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  • 121 heredity — /heuh red i tee/, n., pl. heredities. Biol. 1. the transmission of genetic characters from parents to offspring: it is dependent upon the segregation and recombination of genes during meiosis and fertilization and results in the genesis of a new… …

    Universalium

  • 122 ship — shipless, adj. shiplessly, adv. /ship/, n., v., shipped, shipping. n. 1. a vessel, esp. a large oceangoing one propelled by sails or engines. 2. Naut. a. a sailing vessel square rigged on all of three or more masts, having jibs, staysails, and a… …

    Universalium

  • 123 acid–base reaction — ▪ chemistry Introduction       a type of chemical process typified by the exchange of one or more hydrogen ions, H+, between species that may be neutral (molecules, such as water, H2O; or acetic acid, CH3CO2H) or electrically charged (ions, such… …

    Universalium

  • 124 publishing, history of — Introduction       an account of the selection, preparation, and marketing of printed matter from its origins in ancient times to the present. The activity has grown from small beginnings into a vast and complex industry responsible for the… …

    Universalium

  • 125 technology, history of — Introduction       the development over time of systematic techniques for making and doing things. The term technology, a combination of the Greek technē, “art, craft,” with logos, “word, speech,” meant in Greece a discourse on the arts, both… …

    Universalium

  • 126 language — /lang gwij/, n. 1. a body of words and the systems for their use common to a people who are of the same community or nation, the same geographical area, or the same cultural tradition: the two languages of Belgium; a Bantu language; the French… …

    Universalium

  • 127 subatomic particle — or elementary particle Any of various self contained units of matter or energy. Discovery of the electron in 1897 and of the atomic nucleus in 1911 established that the atom is actually a composite of a cloud of electrons surrounding a tiny but… …

    Universalium

  • 128 painting, Western — ▪ art Introduction       history of Western painting from its beginnings in prehistoric times to the present.       Painting, the execution of forms and shapes on a surface by means of pigment (but see also drawing for discussion of depictions in …

    Universalium

  • 129 Sperm donation — is the provision (or ‘donation’) by a man, (known as a ‘sperm donor’), of his sperm, with the intention that it be used to impregnate a woman who is not usually the man s sexual partner, in order to produce a child. A sperm donor is the natural… …

    Wikipedia

  • 130 angiosperm — /an jee euh sperrm /, n. Bot. a plant having its seeds enclosed in an ovary; a flowering plant. Cf. gymnosperm. [ANGIO + SPERM] * * * ▪ plant Introduction       any member of the more than 300,000 species of flowering plants (division Anthophyta) …

    Universalium

  • 131 Europe — /yoor euhp, yerr / for 1; /yoo roh pee, yeuh / for 2, n. 1. a continent in the W part of the landmass lying between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, separated from Asia by the Ural Mountains on the E and the Caucasus Mountains and the Black and… …

    Universalium

  • 132 chemical element — Introduction also called  element,         any substance that cannot be decomposed into simpler substances by ordinary chemical processes. Elements are the fundamental materials of which all matter is composed.       This article considers the… …

    Universalium

  • 133 international payment and exchange — ▪ economics Introduction international exchange also called  foreign exchange        respectively, any payment made by one country to another and the market in which national currencies are bought and sold by those who require them for such… …

    Universalium

  • 134 Cellular differentiation — Cell differentiation redirects here. For the journal, see Cell Differentiation (journal). In developmental biology, cellular differentiation is the process by which a less specialized cell becomes a more specialized cell type. Differentiation… …

    Wikipedia

  • 135 English contract law — is an influential system regulating the law of contract that operates in England and Wales. Its doctrines form the basis of contract law across the Commonwealth, including Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand and South Africa and more generally… …

    Wikipedia

  • 136 evolution — evolutional, adj. evolutionally, adv. /ev euh looh sheuhn/ or, esp. Brit., /ee veuh /, n. 1. any process of formation or growth; development: the evolution of a language; the evolution of the airplane. 2. a product of such development; something… …

    Universalium

  • 137 Zimbabwe — Zimbabwean, adj., n. /zim bahb way, wee/, n. 1. Formerly, Southern Rhodesia, Rhodesia. a republic in S Africa: a former British colony and part of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland; gained independence 1980. 11,423,175; 150,330 sq. mi.… …

    Universalium

  • 138 Mesopotamian religion — Introduction  beliefs and practices of the Sumerians and Akkadians, and their successors, the Babylonians and Assyrians, who inhabited ancient Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) in the millennia before the Christian era. These religious beliefs and… …

    Universalium

  • 139 Morphological computation (robotics) — Morphological computation is computation obtained through interactions of physical form. Contents 1 Birth of the term morphological computation 2 Relevance 2.1 Robotics 2.2 Artificial intellige …

    Wikipedia

  • 140 reproductive system, animal — Introduction       any of the organ systems by which animals reproduce.       The role of reproduction is to provide for the continued existence of a species; it is the process by which living organisms duplicate themselves. Animals compete with… …

    Universalium


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